Ankle and Foot Exercise
The ankle is an important joint that transmits body weight to the foot. Many joints between 7 ankle bones (including heel bone), five midfoot bones, and many finger bones make a complex structure of our ankle and foot. Ligaments and muscles related to these joints help in the even distribution of body weight. Two arches of the foot (longitudinal and horizontal) are also essential for proper weight transmission. Excess strain, injuries, obesity, and hereditary factors weaken the arches of the foot and lead to flat feet. Aging is accompanied by degeneration at the ankle and foot joints. Obesity and occupational or sports overload (walking, jogging, running) strain ligaments, muscles, and joints. High heel and ill-fitting footwear leads to improper load transmission at the foot and causes ankle and foot pain.